Section : Skin Conditions

Pyogenic Granuloma (Botryomycoma in French)

Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland

What is it ?

  • Pyogenic granuloma is a benign skin condition caused by the rapid proliferation of blood vessels.
  • Lobular Capillary Hemangioma is the correct name.

How does it look like ?

  • Clinically, pyogenic granuloma presents as a fast-growing nodule (s) which is easily broken. Its color (colour) ranges from red to dark brown.
  • It can be localized (localised) anywhere but is often present on the hands, the arms and the face. During pregnancy, it is often  localized in the mouth (oral cavity).
  • On microscopical examination (histology), numerous capilalries (small blood vessels) “back-to- back” are present. The are often arranged in a lobular pattern. Thus the correct designation for the condition: lobular capillary hemangioma.

    Pyogenic Granuloma (Lobular Capillary Hemangioma)

    Pyogenic Granuloma (Lobular Capillary Hemangioma)

What is the cause ?

  • The exact cause remains unknown.
  • Hypotheses
  1. Pyogenic granuloma is formed by the proliferation of blood vessels. (This implicates the production of angiogenic factors, of nitric oxyde synthases (eNOS). Proliferation markers have also been found on the blood vessel walls (CD34…)).
  2. Trauma is often the primary factor leadin to the development of pyogenic granuloma. However it can also appear spontaneously.
  3. It appears often during pregnancy. (This would suggest hormonal factors are implicated)
  • Ethymology
  1. Pyogenic Granuloma is a misnomer, because on histology, there is neither a granuloma nor the presence of pus.

If it is benign, why bother ?

  • It is important to show the lesion to a medical doctor who will refer you to a dermatologist if there are any doubts.
  • Indeed, this condition can look like others which aren’t always benign.

Outlook and Treatment

  • Small lesions can disappear spontaneously.
  • Treatment options include cryotherapy and electrocauthery.


Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland

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Category : Botriomycome - Modifie le 09.12.2012Category : Granulome Pyogénique - Modifie le 09.12.2012Category : Hémangiome Capillaire Lobulaire - Modifie le 09.12.2012Category : Lobular Capillary Hemangioma - Modifie le 09.12.2012Category : Pyogenic Granuloma - Modifie le 09.12.2012