Section : History & Terminology

Syringoma: once you recognize the lesion, how do you remember to put the correct name ?

  • This term comes from the Greek word:
    • συριγξ = surinx = canal. The word is pronounced as ” surinx”.
    • This origin is used in other medical fields (syringomyelia, syringobulbia, syringotomy)
  • Information on Syringoma:
    • Syringoma develop from the excretory lining of eccrine glands
    • They are frequent benign tumors and affect more often females with familial forms. Other individuals more at risk are those with Down syndrome.
    • They present clinically as firm skin-colored or slightly pigmented papules.
    • They are located preferably on the inferior eyelids, but can extend to the neck and the anterior thorax.
    • Widespread forms have also been described with involvement of the external genitalia.
    • Treatment is not always satisfactory. Scars can result either from the treatment of the small lesions with electrocauthery (high-wave), or from the excision of the bigger ones.
  • Note: depending on the part of the eccrine gland which is involved, histopathologists distinguish several tumors such as  hidrocystoma, hidradenoma, spiradenoma, cylindroma, poroma and so on.



Dr Christophe Hsu – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland

Source of information:

-Harms M. Dermatologica Helvetica (The Swiss Journal of Dermatology and Venereology: