Section : Conference Notes

Hyperpigmentary Disorders in Children

  • Pigmentary disorders are frequent in children and can result in significant psychosocial problems. Hyperpigmentary disorders can be classified into melanocytes problems (epidermal, dermal) and neurocutaneous disorders presenting with pigmentation problems.
  • Giant congenital nevus carries a low risk of malignant transformation (melanoma) but it is important to exclude cutaneous neuromelanosis in high risk patients.
  • Malignant lentiginosis can be associated with other systemic abnormalities.
  • Mongoloid Spots can be found in many Asian (African, Arabic) babies. These lesions are completely benign and are commonly found in normal people. They have a tendency to fade and disappear with age.
  • Cafe-au-Lait Spots are light-brownish macules which can be found in normal individuals. However, it is important to know than syndromes can be associated.


Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland

Source of Information: Chiam LYT. Pigmentary Disorders in Children. NSC Dermatology Update 2012, Singapore 

Category : cafe au lait spot - Modifie le 05.13.2012Category : Giant congenital nevus - Modifie le 05.13.2012Category : Hyperpigmentary Disorders in Children - Modifie le 05.13.2012Category : mongoloid spot - Modifie le 05.13.2012