Section : Dermatology in Infectious Diseases

HIV infection/AIDS and the Skin (For professionals)

Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland

  • HIV is a global pandemic caused by infection by the HIV virus. It affects more than 30 million individuals world wide. Around 70% of individuals affected live in Sub-Saharan Africa, around 20% of individuals live in South and South-East Asia.
  • Untreated the median survival ranges from 9-11 years whereas antiviral (HAART: Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy) treatments have prolonged the median survival to 20 years.
  • To read more about HIV/AIDS, click here.

Below is the list of skin lesions which are associated with HIV infection (regardless of the stage):

  • Acquired Ichtyosis
  • Adverse Drug reactions (Antibiotics, Antiviral therapy)
  • Aphtous oral lesions
  • Eosinophilic folliculitis
  • Granuloma Annulare
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Immune Restoration Syndrome (Antiviral therapy)
  • Lipodystrophy (Antiviral therapy)
  • Paronychia (Antiviral therapy)
  • Photodermatoses (Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT), lichenoid phodermatitis, chronic actinic dermatitis)
  • Pruritus (Itch)
  • Psoriasis
  • Reiter’s syndrome
  • Seborrheic (Seborrhoeic) dermatitis
  • Xerosis
Granulome Annulaire
Granuloma Annulare
  • Skin Cancers
  1. Kaposi’s Sarcoma (due to Human Herpesvirus (HHV 8))
  2. Lymphoma
  3. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Infectious diseases
  1. Bacterial: Staphylococcus Aureus, Syphilis (Treponema Pallidum), Bacillary Angiomatosis (Bartonella Henselae, B. Quintana)
  2. Fungal: Candida (Oropharyngeal Candidiasis), Penicillum Marneffei, Dermatophytosis (Epidermophyton, Trichophyton, Microsporum), Crytococcosis (Cryptococcus Neoformans), Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma Capsulatum)
  3. Viral: Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Molluscum Contagiosum, Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV) (Shingles), Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)(Oral Hairy Leukoplakia)
  4. Insects: Scabies


Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland


Dermatology Secrets 3rd Edition


Category : aids - Modifie le 08.11.2010Category : hiv - Modifie le 08.11.2010Category : sida - Modifie le 08.11.2010