Posts Tagged ‘alcoholism’

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Introduction (For professionals)

Tuesday, August 3rd, 2010

Alcohol consumption is a difficult to control epidemic. In some countries alcohol consumption is part of the culture and its consumption starts young and continues until death. In countries such as Russia (Russian Federation), alcohol consumption levels have reached such alarming levels that it is responsible for a reduction of life expectancy to 60 years […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (For professionals)

Monday, July 26th, 2010

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT) All porphrias are hereditary except PCT type I PCT type I also as symptomatic protoporphria Epidemiology: affects males from 40 onwards, often with a history of alcohol abuse Three categories PCT I: symptomatic protoporphyria, non hereditary, 80% of PCTs, deficit in uroporphrinogen decarboxylase (only in hepatocytes) PCT II: : autosomal dominant, […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Cirrhosis (For professionals)

Sunday, July 25th, 2010

Dr Christophe Hsu – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland Cirrhosis Spider naevi: present in 75% of the time on the face and trunk rarely unilateral of the nevoid type, which abundance would correlate with the existence of oesophageal varicosities (Foutch et al). Nails total apparent leuconychia (Terry’s nails): 80% of patients with cirrhosis. Proximal 2/3 white, presumed […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Pruritus (Itch) (For professionals)

Saturday, July 24th, 2010

Dr Christophe HSU – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland Pruritus It may appear up to 2 years before the onset of cirrhosis 40% of alcohol abusers with liver disease are estimated to have severe pruritus generalized but with predilection to extensor extremities, upper trunk, palms and soles chemical mediators (Bile acids) are thought to directly depolarize nerve […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Jaundice (Icterus) (For professionals)

Saturday, July 24th, 2010

Jaundice due to the deposition of billirubin, product of the breakdown of heme: accumulation in the liver due to impaired hepatic conjugation. It subsequently binds tissues with a special affinity to elastin. detectable with serum levels above 2.5 mg/dL The ocular sclera are often the first to turn yellow. Differential Diagnosis (DD): prehepatic, hepatic (Primary […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Pancreatitis (For professionals)

Friday, July 23rd, 2010

Pancreatitis Due to alcohol abuse in 65% of cases Clinically: Panniculitis also called nodular cystosteatonecrosis or cutaneous nodular adiponecrosis: mechanism thought to be due to the liberation of enzymes in the circulation directly or through lymphatic channels found in the male between 40 and 70 years old clinically: dermohypodermic inflammatory plaques predominantly located in the […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Urticaria and Anaphylactoid reactions (For professionals)

Thursday, July 22nd, 2010

Dr Christophe Hsu – dermatologist. Geneva, Switzerland Urticarial and anaphylactoid reactions reported to occur minutes after alcohol intake. May occur with anaphylactic symptoms reproductible with oral challenge with ethyl alcohol (=ethanol). may have genetic intolerance with defects in alcohol-metabolizing enzymes (Oriental flushing syndromes). Many though develop a reaction after red or white wine intake suggesting […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Malnutrition (For professionals)

Wednesday, July 21st, 2010

Malnutrition Zinc Clinically: erythematous crusting erosive sometimes bullous dermatitis periorificial: buccal, nasal, palpebral, anal, vulval, genital, flexural progressive alopecia diagnosis and treatment: reduced blood Zn and alkaline phosphatase, sometimes also reduced non esterified essential fatty acids (linoleic and arachidonic acid). IV or oral by zinc salts (gluconate, sulfate) leads to spectacular cures. Essential Fatty Acids […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Infections (For professionals)

Tuesday, July 20th, 2010

Infections: as the associations are incompletely understood, we have selected and summarized an article in the scientific literature Ness KJ, Fan J, Wilke WW, Coleman RA, Cook RT, Schlueter AJ. Chronic ethanol consumption decreases murine Langerhans cell numbers and delays migration of Langerhans cells as well as dermal dendritic cells. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 […]

Alcohol (OH) and the Skin – Skin Aging (For professionals)

Monday, July 19th, 2010

Skin Aging: due to the partial understanding of the association, we have selected the following article from the scientific literature. Von Wurmb-Schwark N, Ringleb A, Schwark T, Broese T, Weirich S, Schlaefke D, Wegener R, Oehmichen M. The effect of chronic alcohol consumption on mitochondrial DNA mutagenesis in human blood. Mutat Res. 2008 Jan 1;637(1-2):73-9. […]

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