Section : Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) - A Guide

STI – mode of transmission

How does one catch a sexually transmitted infection (STI)?

  • Sexual intercourse with an individual having a STI. Transmission of body fluids (sperm, vaginal or cervical secretions):
  1. Gonorrhoea (Gonorrhea)
  2. Hepatitis B
  3. HIV (Virus of AIDS)
  4. Non Specific (Non Gonoccocal) Urethritis
  • Close contact with an individual having a STI:
  1. Condyloma Accuminata (Genital warts)
  2. Genital Herpes
  3. Pediculosis Pubis (Crabs)
  4. Scabies
  5. Syphilis
  • Some STIs can be transmitted to the Newborn during pregnancy and delivery (and also by the sharing of contaminated needles between intravenous drug abusers):
  1. Hepatitis B
  2. HIV
  3. Syphilis

Can STDs be transmitted when taking meals (sharing ustensils such as knives, forks and glasses…) with infected persons ? Can STDs be caught when sitting on toilet seats, shaking hands or in swimming pools ?

  • No. The organisms cannot survive outside the human body.

Can I catch an STD when kissing ?

  • If the kiss is “dry”, there is no risk
  • If the kiss is “deep/humid” (“French kiss”, organisms living in infected individuals (Chlamydia, Herpes, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis) can be transmitted.

However, it is not a frequent mode of transmission.

Can I catch/have more than one STD at a time ?

  • Yes

Can STDs be inherited ?

  • Yes (non genetic), during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding.
  • By trating the mother and taking preventive measuEn traitant la mère et en prenant des précautions, ce risque peut être diminué.

Category : maladies sexuellement transmissibles - Modifie le 02.1.2014Category : mst - Modifie le 02.1.2014Category : sexually transmitted infections - Modifie le 02.1.2014Category : sti - Modifie le 02.1.2014Category : transmission - Modifie le 02.1.2014